Prefer / Would prefer / Would rather

 รูปแบบการใช้ Prefer

I prefer     something to

  something else

I prefer doing something to doing something else
I prefer to do something rather than (do) something else.

e.g.

I prefer this shirt to the shirt you were wearing yesterday.

I prefer driving to traveling by train.  

I prefer to drive rather than travel by train.

—————————-

รูปแบบการใช้ Would prefer (I’d prefer…)

Would prefer to do / I’d prefer to do
Would prefer จะใช้ในกรณีต้องการเฉพาะเจาะจงมากกว่า Prefer

e.g. Would you prefer tea or coffee” “Coffee, please.”“Shall we go by train?” “Well, I’d prefer to go by car.
(จะไม่ใช้  
I’d prefer going”)

I’d prefer to stay at home tonight rather than go to the cinema.

—————————-

รูปแบบการใช้ Would rather (I’d rather…)

 Would rather (do) = would prefer (to do).
หลัง would rather จะใช้ infinitive without to.
  

ถ้าจะลองเปรียบเทียบดู

•   “Shall we go by train?” “I’d prefer to go by car.”
“I’d rather go by car.

ถ้าจะพูดให้สวยๆ เป็นปฏิเสธ  –  “I‘d rather not (do something)”

e.g.

I’m tired. I‘d rather not go out this evening, if you don’t mind.

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